Stefan Çapaliku was born in Shkodra, in 1965. He majored in Albanian language and literature at the University of Tirana in 1988, followed by further studies in Italy, Czech Republic and England.
In 1996 he completed his Ph.D. at the University of Tirana. From 1993 until 1998 he has been the head of Literature Department at the University of Shkodra.
From 1998 to 2005 he was responsible for the books section in the Ministry of Culture, as a Director of Book Policy.
Since 2005 he has been working as a researcher at the Centre of Albanian Studies and professor of Aesthetics at the University of Arts in Tirana.
His plays have been performed in several international theatre festivals, where national and international prizes have been awarded to him.
Parts of his works in poetry, prose, drama and essays are translated into English, German, French, Italian, Rumanian, Polish, Bulgarian, Serbian, Macedonian and Turkish.
At the moment, he is a Europa Prize of Theater nominee for the New Theater realities. He also is a theater and film director.
Stefan Çapaliku was proclamated from the Ministry of Culture, the best playwright for the years: 1995, 2003, 2007, 2012, 2016.